Counter visits from more than 160  countries
----------- and 1300 universities (details)
Puro Chile the memory of the people
Project for the First People's Century

Editor: Róbinson Rojas
Media The crimes of the Chilean generals

The Crimes of the Chilean Generals:
2 December 2004
Pinochet faces murder probe
A Chilean court has stripped former military ruler Augusto Pinochet of his legal immunity over the murder of his predecessor as army chief.
The decision means he can be investigated for his alleged role in the killing of Gen Carlos Prats, who died in a car bomb attack in 1974.
Chile's armed forces
Unravelling a tortured past
Dec 2nd 2004 
SANTIAGO From The Economist print edition
The armed forces are finally found guilty of the dictatorship's abuses.  ALMOST 15 years after the end of Augusto Pinochet's dictatorship, Chileans have been confronted with the magnitude and cruelty of the torture it inflicted. After hearing the testimonies of 35,000 political detainees, an official commission has concluded that torture was a habitual practice of the armed forces and police throughout the dictatorship.
November 29, 2004
Chile: Government Discloses Torture Was State Policy

Commission Calls for Reparations for Thousands Tortured During Pinochet Era
A Chilean presidential commission has provided an overwhelming indictment of the military dictatorship’s systematic use of torture, Human Rights Watch said today. In a report released last night, the commission collected testimony from thousands of torture victims who had never previously reported the abuse they had suffered.

Riggs Uncovers Deep Ties to Pinochet
Internal Inquiry Finds Indications of Money Laundering

By Terence O'Hara
Washington Post Staff Writer
Saturday, November 20, 2004
A Riggs Bank internal investigation has uncovered signs of money laundering by bank employees, including efforts in 2003 to help Argentine naval officers hide $3.8 million in cash to prevent seizure by investors after the Argentine government defaulted on bond payments. The investigation by a small team of former Secret Service agents hired by Riggs last year also discovered that efforts by former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet to hide millions of dollars at Riggs go back to 1985, nearly 10 years earlier than previously known. Pinochet came to power in a 1973 coup and instituted several years of bloody repression. He resigned after a 1989 election, but he remained commander-in-chief of the armed forces until 1998.
6 November 2004 (BBC World Service)
The Chilean army has for the first time accepted responsibility for human rights violations carried out during military rule by Gen Augusto Pinochet.

The admission is a reversal of the army's previous position, which held that abuses of 1973-1990 were excesses carried out by individual officers. In a statement, army commander Gen Juan Emilio Cheyre said the decision was "difficult but irreversible".
ZNet |
Memories of Chile in the Midst of an American Presidential Campaign
Ariel Dorfman (October 2004)
Day after day over the past three years, as I watched Americans respond to the terror that unexpectedly descended upon them on September 11th, 2001, the direst memories of Chile and its dictatorship resonated in my mind. There was something dreadfully familiar in the patriotic posturing, the militarization of society, the way in which anyone who dared to be faintly critical was automatically branded as a traitor. Yes, I had seen that before: "You are either with us or against us." I had seen it far too often -- national security trumpeted as a justification for any excess in the pursuit of an elusive enemy.

Róbinson Rojas, June 1974
The Murder of Allende. And the End of the Chilean Way to Socialism

A Necessary Explanation
Ch 1. The Artful Staging of a "Suicide" - The rebel forces - The background of the conspiracy - Staging the "suicide" - The contradictions - What really happened
Ch. 2. Why was the general assassinated? - The Schneider case - A problem for the U.S. - Allende, the new president - Now what? - The hard-liners - Strength and weakness - The constitutionalists
Ch. 3. The bosses conspire and the workers mobilize - The empty pots - The area of social property - A minister general - To advance or not to advance - A new military plot - October 1972
Ch. 4. The Pentagon tells the generals to go ahead - The political failure - The elections - The generals - Now or never
Ch. 5. The general is not an honorable man - The last message - A new step forward - A new military insurrection - A long meeting - The pawns - A murder - Prats's ruin - And the Navy - The last days - The oath 
Ch. 6. The inferno - Operation Pincers - The tortures - The women - Corruption
Notes for chapter 6 - NOTES - INDEX
Rebeca Evans, 20 October 2004
Pinochet and the Chilean Military's Tarnished Legacy
Pinochet’s current troubles, as well as the ongoing legal proceeding against other officials of the former regime, demonstrate that the unfinished business left over from the era of the military rule continues to preoccupy Chile. This has frustrated military officials like General Cheyre, who recently criticized the fact that the military has been made the scapegoat for all the excesses committed under the military regime and called for an end to interminable human rights trials. Yet so long as officials from the previous regime deny responsibility and information on the fate of the disappeared only comes to light in periodic, fortuitous finds – such as the recent discovery of sections of rail track that had been used to weigh down the bodies of dissidents dumped at sea – the search for truth and justice will have to continue.
From The Economist, 21 October 2004:
Chile's new constitution
Untying the knot

Chile looks set to purge the vestiges of dictatorship from the constitution
WHEN Ricardo Lagos became Chile's president in March 2000, he promised “a constitution that passes the test of full democracy”. Thanks to a new cross-party agreement, that promise now seems close to being fulfilled. The constitution, written by General Augusto Pinochet's 1973-90 dictatorship, was approved by a plebiscite in 1980, but its legitimacy was as thin as the transparent voting papers used in the plebiscite, and its intentions were just as undemocratic...

TNI: The Pinochet Precedent:
Dossier Orlando Letelier
BBC News (28 May 2004)
Court lifts Pinochet's immunity
Chile's Pinochet victims testify 13 May 04
US revisits Pinochet 'secrets'   04 May 04
Pinochet's police chief jailed   18 May 04
The National Security Archive:
Chile Documentation Project
Report by the Committee on Truth and Reconciliation (1991)
(Rettig Report. Chile)

Introduction to the English Edition
Guide to the English Edition
Guide to the Editor's Notes
Supreme Decree No. 355
Chapter One
Chapter Two
Chapter One
Chapter Two
Chapter Three
Chapter Four
Chapter One
Chapter Two
Chapter Three
Chapter Four
Chapter Five
Chapter One
Chapter Two
Chapter Three
Chapter Four
Appendix I
Appendix II
Appendix III
Institute for Police Studies: Bring Pinochet to Justice
H. O'Shaughnessy: Pinochet, a master of duplicity
H. O'Shaughnessy: Revealed: Pinochet drug smuggling
How a 'fat fish' finally slipped through the net
The ghost of Chile's repressive past
Still imprisoned by his past
British government justification to grant freedom to a serial killer named Augusto Pinochet Ugarte
New Amendments to the Chilean Constitution Confers Absolute Immunity to General A. Pinochet
The Economist: Releasing Pinochet (The murderer returns a pitiful figure)
The Economist: The Pinochet Affair. Blackwashing Allende
Tony Karon: Pinochet's Life Sentence
On "Pinochet and the Politics of Torture", by H. O'Shaughnessy
Amnesty International: The case of general Pinochet
The Black Book of the Chilean Judiciary (1999) (Spanish) El Libro Negro de la Justicia Chilena (1999)
Amnesty International on Chile
Notorious Chilean School of the Americas Graduates
SOA: Students and instructors from Chile 1951-1996
SOA: Estudiantes e instructores chilenos 1951-1996
M. Cooper: Chile and the end of Pinochet  (2001)
The House of Lords' resolution on
general Augusto Pinochet immunity (November 1998)
The House of Lords' resolution on
general Augusto Pinochet immunity (March 1999)
M. Neumann: The crimes of Augusto Pinochet
Human Rights Watch: The Pinochet Decision
The truth about Pinochet
A tale of two Chileans: Allende and Pinochet compared
The Chile Committee for Justice
Derechos Chile: Human Rights in Chile
Chile Vive
Lieutenant Junior Grade C. Ruefli USN: A denial
R. Rojas: The Chilean Armed Forces: a political organization
R. Rojas: The Chilean Armed Forces: a band of criminals
R. Rojas: The Chilean Armed Forces: training dogs to rape political prisoners
H. O'Shaughnessy: Chile's family torture sessions shock nation
P. O'Brian: Pinochet and his secret police crimes
Books on Salvador Allende   AMAZON Bookshop
CIA, State, NSC documents declassified on Chile (June 1999)
U.S. State Department (The Pinochet Files).-F.O.I.A.
Document Collections
State Department Collections

FOIA Released Documents
• Allegations of Drug Trafficking in L.A.
• Argentina Declassification Project (1975-1984)
• State Chile Declassification Project Tranche I (1973-1978)
• State Chile Declassification Project Tranche II (1968-1972)
• State Chile Declassification Project Tranche III (1979-1991)
• CIA Creation Documents
• El Salvador Churchwomen Documents
• Guatemala Collection
• Raoul Wallenberg
• El Salvador Collection
• Amelia Earhart Collection
• International Agreements Collection
• International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITARs)

Argentina Declassification Press Releases/Statements
State Department Press Release
Chile Declassification Press Releases/Statements
• 06/30/1999 State Department Press Release
• 10/08/1999 State Department Press Release
• 11/13/2000 State Department Press Statement
• 06/30/1999 White House Press Statement
• 10/08/1999 White House Press Statement
• 11/13/2000 White House Press Statement

Other Agency Chile Declassification Documents
NARA- National Archives and Records Administration
CIA- Central Intelligence Agency
DOD- Department of Defense
FBI- Federal Bureau of Investigation
DOJ- Department of Justice
NSC- National Security Council
Church Report - (Covert Action in Chile, 1963-1973)
Hinchey Report - (CIA Activities in Chile)

FBI Report on Directorate of National Intelligence (DINA)
Report of CIA Chilean Task Force Activities, 15 Sept/3 Nov 1970
P. Kornbluh: Declassified documents relating to the military coup, September 11, 1973.
P. Kornbluh: The Chile Coup - The U.S. Hand
George Washington University: The National Security Archive
U.S. Senate: Covert Action in Chile 1963-1973
L. Komisar : Kissinger declassified
L. Komisar : Into the Murky Depths of 'Operation Condor'
L. Komisar : Documented complicity
School of the Americas Watch
Cantata para los mineros del carbón
Dirección, música y canciones: Mauricio Venegas-Astorga
Texto : Jorge Lagos Urra

Junio 2001

Andre Gunder Frank (1995)
The Underdevelopment of Development
"I intend to undertake a political sociology of knowledge of the study of development based on my own experience and perspective. I review the three varieties of development economics; neo-classical (right), Keynesian (center) and Marxist (left) and autobiographically my own participation in all of them. Perhaps I can also clarify how on further reflection my choice for the study of development is now none of the above. I would not wish to find myself in any of these camps when H.W. Arndt (1987: 162-3) can write:..."
(Note by Róbinson Rojas: I do  recommend readind here the section on Chile and the Popular Unity .)

From The Economist:
Country briefings: CHILE
From The Economist print edition
Chile's army
Frozen in time
May 26th 2005 | SANTIAGO
A tragedy exposes military flaws THE Chilean armed forces have long had a high opinion of their own professionalism, whatever some of their fellow-countrymen think of their abuses under the dictatorship of General Augusto Pinochet. The death last weekend of some 40 troops, killed in a freak Andean blizzard, was not just the army's worst peacetime loss. It has shaken confidence in the institution just as it had finally started to reform.
From The Economist print edition
Reshuffling the electoral cards
May 19th 2005 | SANTIAGO
A surprise presidential candidate may signal a new era in Chilean politics Get article background UNTIL last week, Chile's opposition parties were pretty much resigned to losing the next presidential election, due in December, and seeing the centre-left government coalition take a fourth term in office. But now, following a rebellion in the National Renewal (RN), the smaller of the two main opposition parties, the race has been thrown wide open.
From The Economist print edition
The Organisation of American States
Leading from the south

May 5th 2005 | SANTIAGO
Right man, tough job
THE United States, Winston Churchill noted, can always be relied upon to do the right thing—once it has exhausted all the alternatives. So it proved last week, albeit in a matter of less moment than Churchill had in mind: finding a new secretary-general for the Organisation of American States (OAS). Having tried fruitlessly to secure the election of two other candidates, the Americans finally threw their weight behind José Miguel Insulza, Chile's interior minister. On May 2nd, he was elected with the support of 31 of the OAS's 34 member states.
From The Economist print edition
Peru and Chile
Refighting a war
May 5th 2005 | LIMA
Injuries, real and imagined
ALONG with colonial churches and mansions and pleasant parks and beaches, Lima has much urban squalor. It is, after all, the capital of a fairly poor country. But understandably enough, Peruvians were not amused when LAN-Peru, the country's biggest airline, recently aired an in-flight video made in 1997 promoting "adventure tourism". This showed filthy streets and ragged homeless people urinating in them. LAN's parent company is Chilean. The affair...

ECLAC -  2003
The capital account and real macroeconomic stabilization: Chile and Colombia
R. Ffrench-Davis and L. Villar

CEPAL Review 81 - Diciembre 2003
The unremunerated reserve requirement and net capital flows: Chile in the 1990s
G. Le Fort and S. Lehmann

ECLAC - Women and Development Unit - 2000
Part-time work in Chile. Is it precarious employment?. Reflections from a gender perspective
S. Leiva

ECLAC - 1996
Restructuring in manufacturing: case studies in Chile, Mexico, and Venezuela
C. Macario

CEPAL Review 68  -  August 1999
Trade and Growth in Chile
M. R. Agostin

Chile: structure of merchandise trade. 1987-2002
Based on national figures

Chile: Low-intensity democracy
Despite its economic stability and the substantial improvements that the Government has achieved in the rates of poverty and education, 52% of Chileans “feel they are losing out, and 74% have negative feelings about the country’s economic system”. This is no paradox, since according to the World Bank, Chile is among the 15 countries with the worst income distribution in the world. Things are not much better in politics, where the principle of “one person, one vote” is not viable in the “protected democracy” inherited from the military dictatorship. Centro de Estudios de la Mujer (CEM) Solidaridad y Organización Local (SOL) Programa de Ciudadanía y Gestión Local Fundación de Superación de la Pobreza ACTIVA Ana María Arteaga / Carlos Ochsenius, 2004
Chile: The brutal rationale of privatisation
. «Beyond euphemisms, privatisation of health, social security and education operated by neo-liberals has imposed a brutal rationale: depending on the amount of money you have, you will have so much health care, quality of education for your children and pension upon retirement. If you are privileged, you will have access to privileged services. If you are poor, you will have to make do with what the public system is able to give you.» ANA MARÍA ARTEAGA. 2003.

Chile: growth without equity
At the beginning of the twenty-first century, Chile shows paradoxical characteristics. While Chile is being touted as a champion of economic liberalisation, the country is finding that the free trade measures adopted are not reactivating its economy or reducing the persistent and high unemployment rate and the serious and prevailing inequality. The private sector is not receptive to monetary and tax incentives, and the old government is financing thousands of emergency jobs, an intervention that reminds us of the hardest times of the 1980s. C. Pey, D. Donoso and L. Arellano. 2002
Chile: Stagnant and disenchanted
In 2000, the countries of the region were strongly affected by a variety of problems: the political crisis in Peru; sharp social unrest in Bolivia, which literally paralyzed the country; and the strong financial, political, ethical and social crisis affecting Argentina. In this company, Chile appears to be an exception, demonstrating a “healthy economy” and political stability. L. Arellano, D. Donoso and C. Pey.2001
Chile: precarious progress
...«having created an efficient system for controlling movements of capital.»... The weight and presence of transnational capital in the Chilean economy has kept growing, however, and the decisions and interests of those who control this capital are becoming more powerful in determining not only the economic, but also the social, political and cultural structure and dynamics of Chile. D. Donoso, M. Hidalgo and O. Torres. 2000.
Chile: Inequality. The latest data
The nineties show no reduction of social inequality in the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean. The region maintains growth rates of greater than 5% per year but this is not reflected in a reduction of inequality. High and sustained economic growth has not assured greater social equity. On the contrary, economic processes have increased income concentration. (United Nations, ECLAC, «The Equity Gap. Latin America and the Caribbean in the Social Summit» ). The Chilean economy is characterised by high and sustained growth rates. In the last decade, it has shown the enduring nature of income concentration in the hands of the rich and a tendency towards regression in income distribution. .. X. Valdés. 1998
Chile: Economic growth and poverty
The economic growth sustained in Chile over the last ten years requires a detailed analysis to ascertain the directions taken by the Chilean economy and society in the nineties. The figures which have been published lately in the CASEN Survey1 carried out in November 1994, show the tendencies with which this huge economic growth has been distributed within society. Four main conclusions can be derived from these facts:... X. Valdés, T. Valdés and J. Bengoa. 1997
Róbinson Rojas, 1997
15 years of monetarism in Latin America: time to scream

For the majority of countries in Latin America the new gospel of 'free-market plus non-intervention of the state in economic affairs' began to be standard economic policy in the early eighties. For Chile, though, the new gospel was inaugurated earlier, in 1974, and the military junta in charge of imposing it did that via murdering, torturing, imprisoning, and exiling score of thousands of workers, peasants and intellectuals who tried to oppose the implementation of yet another variety of "savage capitalism". For those who praise savage capitalism, Chile is an "economic miracle" and the rest of the Latin American nations are "deregulating", "rolling back" and "liberalizing" to become the "miracles" following the one created by the murderous Chilean military junta.
Róbinson Rojas, 1997
The Chilean way to socialism. Popular Unity

In 1970, before the presidential election, the income differentials for the urban population ( 75 % of the population), were as follows (taking average income of blue-collar workers as one): Employers 40.0, High rank civil servants 20.8, White-collar workers 3.3, Blue-collar workers 1.0, (Source: R.Rojas, "La Unidad Popular, Hacia donde?", 1973)... By 1970, a large sector of the Chilean population was openly advocating a revolution. The prevailing revolutionary ideology was one based in the enormous economic power of the "mobilising state". This ideology posed the strategy of "making the revolution from inside the state", gaining the government, that is. That was the basis for the political programme presented by the Popular Unity (Unidad Popular) for the presidential elections in 1970...
S. B. Crofts Wiley, 1997
Becoming Modern: Capitalism, Agency and the Left in Neoliberal Chile

In Chile, a significant segment of the left has moved into the state and finds itself co-governing one of the most radically capitalist societies in Latin America.
Pilar Vergara, 1996
Structural adjustment in Chile
Over the past decade, the social reforms carried out by the Chilean military regime have been celebrated as a model for other Latin American countries anxious to overcome the endemic crises of their social-security systems. The policies introduced by the Aylwin and Frei governments to reduce poverty levels within the free-market system, and the initial success of those efforts, reinforced the belief that Chile was a viable model for other countries engaging in social reform. Little attention has been paid, however, to the way the Concertacion governments' redistributive efforts have been hampered by the new social institutions established by the Pinochet regime. An examination of the successes and limitations of Chile's social policy reveals how neoliberal social reforms have fundamentally restricted the scope and impact of the Concertacion's attempts to achieve "growth with equity."
The Popular Unity's Programme (A case of Alternative Development)
This programme, in 1970, represented an alternative way for development, based on ECONOMIC GROWTH WITH EQUAL ACCESS TO ECONOMIC RESOURCES AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT WITH EQUAL ACCESS TO POLITICAL RESOURCES for the Chilean population. Students of development should take a deep look at  this text, because today, thirty years after the murderers led by the White House and the Chilean generals killed Salvador Allende, still is a valid and consistent "programme for sustainable development" alternative to the capitalist model which exclude a large portion of society from the fruits of economic growth, and which also unleashes environmental destruction and "unhuman" development. (Róbinson Rojas, 2003)
Salvador Allende
Speech to the UN General Assembly, 4th Dec. 1972
Salvador Allende's speech is a historical document which scholars should read when trying to understand what kind of reality is faced by societies struggling for development in a context where national strategies are brutally constrained by "international forces". These forces being grouped under banners like "defense of the democratic system" during the Cold War, or "market forces"/ "globalization" in the post-Cold War era. In this excerpts of Salvador Allende's speech the "international forces" are very well individualized...there is no difference between those forces in 1972 and now, in the 1990s... (Robinson Rojas, 1998)
S. Kangas: The Chicago boys and the "Chilean economic miracle"
O. Letelier: Chile: economic 'freedom' and political repression
Andre Gunder Frank
Economic Genocide in Chile. Monetarist Theory versus Humanity
K. Coughlan: The dark side of Chile's economic miracle. 1992
A. Hejslet: The Chilean Experience 1974-1998
C. Schneider: Chile: the underside of the miracle
Washington Post: Chile
CIA World Factbook 1997: Chile
The World Bank: Chile
Interamerican Development Bank
Chile: as seen by the IADB
Agriculture Indigenous People Reform of the State
Civil Society Information Technology Rural Development
Education Infrastructure Small & Medium Enterprise
Energy Integration & Trade Urban Development
Environment Labor & Training Women
Finance Microenterprise Youth
Fiscal Reform Poverty & Equity
Health Private Sector
Chile Sustentable (Sustainable Chile)
R.Rojas: Dependent capitalist development: Chile(1960s)(notes)
S. Larrain: Chilean Ecological Action Network
Chilean Ecological Action Network (RENACE)
J. Jontz : Chile, forests, investments and NAFTA  
Chile Sustentable (Sustainable Chile)
Bolsa de Comercio de Santiago
Bolsa Electronica de Chile
Camara Nacional de Comercio de Chile
Chilean-American Chamber of Commerce
Chile Electronic Yellow Pages
 Universidad de Chile: Centro de Economía Aplicada
Working papers 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004

Export Promotion Bureau of Chile [Prochile]
Trade Data [U.S.A.I.D.]
Chile Business Guide 1996/97
Chile Trade and Investment Guide 
Foreign Direct Investments 1974-1996
 Official statistics
 Banco Central de Chile-Central Bank of Chile 
 Instituto Nacional de Estadisticas -Agosto 1998
 (National Institute of Statistics -August 1998) 
 Instituto Nacional de Estadisticas
Business News Americas

Puro Chile la memoria del pueblo
Proyecto para el Primer Siglo Popular

Director: Róbinson Rojas
De Puro Chile - 28 septiembre 2005
¡A los camaradas que me sobrevivirán!

Por Jorge Palacios C.
"Con este escrito, sólo he pretendido entregar un material, estrictamente personal, de reflexión. Ni siquiera sé si los otros miembros, que formaron parte de la dirección del PCR, comparten mis ideas. Tampoco pretendo con mi análisis atentar contra la formación de nuevos partidos MLM o contra la unidad de los que ya existen. Creo que todos esos partidos, otros distintos también con propósitos revolucionarios, así como diversas organizaciones de masas, movimientos unitarios (nacionales e internacionales), que integran toda clase de acciones y combates opuestos a la globalización financiera neo-liberal, son necesarios para preparar a las masas para la desintegración que, inevitablemente, sufrirá el actual sistema económico y ayudar a destruirlo."
Nota de Róbinson Rojas:Considero necesario aclarar que estoy totalmente de acuerdo con el análisis de Jorge Palacios en este texto. Particularmente en relación con la afirmación "rechazamos el materialismo mecanicista y defendemos el materialismo dialéctico", con la definición "la libertad es la comprensión de la necesidad y la transformación de la necesidad", y con el propósito de su escrito expresado en las líneas que preceden esta nota.

Madrid, 17 de mayo de 2005
Alerta sobre libelo difamatorio contra Salvador Allende
Comunicado de prensa
1. Próxima publicación íntegra de la tesis inédita del Dr. Salvador Allende para optar al título de Médico-Cirujano de la Universidad de Chile, en mayo de 1933, titulada Higiene Mental y Delincuencia.
2. Alerta acerca de un libelo difamatorio sobre Salvador Allende en circulación.
Madrid, 27 de mayo de 2005
Publican texto del presidente Allende en respuesta a libelo difamatorio en su contra
Comunicado de prensa - Press Release
   1. Ha sido publicado hoy en internet el original íntegro de un escrito de Salvador Allende que desenmascara libelo difamatorio en circulación. También se ha publicado la correspondencia entre Simon Wiesenthal y el Presidente Allende
Los crímenes de los generales chilenos
- Testimonio de Manuel Cabieses -1975
- Testimonio de Orlando Letelier -1975
- Informe Rettig -1991
- Auto de Procesamiento contra
1998 - Augusto Pinochet Ugarte -1998

- Mesa de Diálogo -1999
- Informe Valech -2004
- Caravana de la Muerte
- El asesinato de Victor Jara
- El asesinato de Orlando Letelier
- El asesinato de Carlos Prats
- Riggs Bank: algunos dineros
1998 - del milico ladrón

- Operación Albania
- Operación Colombo
- Operación Cóndor
- Las torturas, los torturadores y
1998 - sus cómplices

- Un modelo económico
1998 - inhumano y grotesco
- La historia yanqui de un presidente
1998 - chileno: Eduardo Frei Montalva
La Unidad Popular
Estados Unidos y Chile
Estados Unidos y América Latina
Chile y América Latina hoy
El exilio y las palabras
Proyecto para el Primer Siglo Popular
Libros de Róbinson Rojas
Apuntes, artículos y ensayos de Róbinson Rojas
Las crónicas de Frida Modak
Kontrainformación Mapuche en la red
AZKINTUWE: Periódico Nacional Mapuche
Centro de Documentación Mapuche
Recolección de firmas

10 noviembre 2004
"Tras haberse hecho entrega al Sr. Presidente de la República el Informe de la Comisión sobre Prisión Política y Tortura, y sumado éste a los hechos ya conocidos y consignados en el Informe de la Comisión de Verdad y Reconciliación de 1991, cabe entonces dirigir nuestra atención a las posibles formas a través de las cuales se puedan expresar las necesidades y aspiraciones sociales, éticas e históricas que ayuden a la preservación de la Memoria y a la educación en una cultura de respeto a la vida y a la dignidad humanas..."...
(texto completo y recolección de firmas)

Informe de la Comisión Nacional sobre Prisión Política y Tortura
Hecho público por el gobierno de Chile el 28 de noviembre 2004

Este documento es un retrato de un estado criminal (Chile bajo la dictadura de las fuerzas armadas) dirigido por una mente criminal (la del dictador) y apoyado por criminales vestidos de civil. Este documento debería permanecer en la memoria de todos los chilenos, para siempre...para que no se repita.
Róbinson Rojas, 28 noviembre 2004.
El milico Pinochet Ugarte daba las órdenes
Operación Cóndor: Pinochet tenía "conocimiento cabal"
La Nación, Miércoles 7 de Julio de 2004
"El fallo de 56 carillas en que se da luz verde al desafuero del octogenario militar es categórico en señalar que el militar en retiro no podía desconocer lo que sucedía bajo su mando".

Texto completo del fallo de la Corte de Apelaciones de Santiago que ordena el desafuero del general Pinochet.
Este documento fue publicado el 07jul04 por el Equipo Nizkor y Derechos Human Rights
Lea más informaciones sobre la Operación Cóndor
Nota de Róbinson Rojas: El modelo económico impuesto en Chile por el estado criminal dirigido por Pinochet Ugarte (1973-1990) tenía las mismas características brutales, inhumanas y grotescas que el modelo de terrorismo de estado puesto en práctica por los criminales en uniforme y sus lacayos civiles. Ambos modelos favorecieron la minoría acaudalada. Ambos modelos sirvieron para transferir de los bolsillos del pueblo trabajador a los bolsillos de los bandidos capitalistas toda la riqueza que el pueblo trabajador habia acumulado con sus luchas sociales hasta el 11 de septiembre de 1973. Los gobiernos civiles, desde 1990, bajo la mirada penetrante de sus protectores militares, heredaron el modelo económico brutal, inhumano y grotesco de Pinochet Ugarte y su banda de terroristas. No solamente lo heredaron, lo han perfeccionado para que sea todo lo inhumano que es necesario para proteger al gran capital extranjero y chileno. Los siete trabajos incluidos en esta sección describen el modelo en sus características más acentuadas. Estimamos que constituyen una buena lectura para aquellos que están empeñados en construir un Chile mejor, saliéndole al paso al gran capital y sus guardaespaldas de civil y en uniforme.
Ana María Arteaga/Carlos Ochsenius
Chile 2004. Una democracia de baja intensidad
A pesar de la estabilidad económica y las mejoras sustanciales en los índices de pobreza y educación, “el 52% de los chilenos se siente perdedor y el 74% tiene sentimientos negativos respecto al sistema económico del país”. Ésta no es una paradoja, ya que según el Banco Mundial, Chile se encuentra entre los 15 países con peor distribución de ingreso del mundo. Tampoco en el ámbito político las cosas andan bien: el principio de “una persona, un voto” no es viable en la “democracia protegida” heredada de la dictadura militar.
Ana María Arteaga
Chile 2003. La lógica brutal de la privatización
Coral Pey/Dante Donoso/Luis Arellano
Chile 2002. Crecimiento sin equidad
Luis Arellano/Dante Donoso/Coral Pey
Chile 2001. Estancado y desencantado
Dante Donoso/Manuel Hidalgo/Oscar Torres
Chile 2000. Avances precarios
Ximena Valdés
Chile 1998. Desigualdad: los últimos datos
Ximena Valdés/Teresa Valdés/José Bengoa
Chile 1997. Crecimiento Económico y Pobreza
Foro Social Chileno: Otro Mundo es Posible, Otro Chile También
En La Legua, Santiago, Chile, el sábado 19 de junio 2004, más de un centenar de organizaciones sociales y ciudadanas hemos iniciado el camino para el Foro Social Chileno, el que será realizado los días 19, 20 y 21 de Noviembre en paralelo a la cumbre de la APEC. Centenares de personas de las organizaciones de la sociedad civil junto a pobladores y organizaciones de La Legua se congregaron en el Centro Cultural La Garrapata en el acto de partida al proceso del el Foro Social Chileno (FSCH) que culminará en noviembre. La inauguración fue transmitida en directo por LTV (canal 3) y Radio La Ventana de La Legua en conjunto con Radio Tierra.
Lea aquí la declaración pública suscrita por las organizaciones convocantes
PURO CHILE: la memoria del pueblo

Le Monde Diplomatique (Edición Chile)

G. Marin (enero, 2003)
Salvador Allende en el centro de la conciencia de los pueblos
( 10 de julio, 2003)
Pueblo de Paris
rinde homenaje a Salvador Allende

( 19 septiembre, 2003)
Allende Convocatoria 30 Aniversario
Un pensamiento político para nuestro tiempo

CIA World Factbook
U.S. Senate (1975):
Accion encubierta de Estados Unidos en Chile: 1963-1973
Carlos Fuentes: Saludo a Ricardo Lagos
Carta desde Chile: El general  traidor y asesino
Informe de la Comision Nacional de Verdad y Reconciliación (1991)
(Informe Rettig. Chile)
Notorious Chilean School of the Americas Graduates
SOA: Students and instructors from Chile 1951-1996
SOA: Estudiantes e instructores chilenos 1951-1996
Kontrainformación Mapuche en la red AZKINTUWE: Periódico Nacional Mapuche Centro de Documentación Mapuche
Agencia Chile Noticias --  Area, El  --  Business News Americas --  Canal 13 --  Capital --  Caras --  Chile Indymedia --  Chile Radio --  Chileno, El --  Condor --  Conozca Mas --  Cosas --  Cuarta, La -- Diario Electrónico, El / Copesa  --  Diario Oficial -- Diario Público, El --  Diario, El --  Ecovisiones --  Ercilla -- Estrategia --  Firme, La --  Hora, La --  Impacto Económico --  Mercurio, El --  Metropolitano, El -- Mostrador, El --  MTG --  Mundo en Linea --  Noreste --   Noticia, La --  Otra Verdad, La --   Prensa al Día --  Prensa Impacto --   Primera Línea --  Punto Final --  Qué Pasa --  Radio Chilena --  Radio Concierto -- Radio Cooperativa --  Radio Infinita --   Radio Zero --   Rosa Blanca, La --   Santiago Times --  Segunda, La -- --  Siglo, El --  Somos TV --  Tercera, La --   Todo Futbol --  Triunfo --   TVN --  Últimas Noticias, Las -- Vea --Diario Finaciero  -- REUNA TV: Red Universitaria Nacional -- Televisión Nacional de Chile -- Mensaje -- Chile Information Project News -- ChileVisión Noticias TV -- EL OJO (El revés de la mirada)
RM - Region Metropolitana
Labrador, El (Melipilla)
I - Tarapacá
Estrella de Arica, La (Arica)   Estrella de Iquique, La (Iquique) Nortino, El (Iquique) es
II - Antofogasta
Estrella del Loa, La (Calama)  Estrella del Norte, La (Antofagasta) Mensajero, El (Antofagasta) Mercurio de Antofagasta, El (Antofagasta)  Mercurio de Calama, El (Calama) Prensa de Tocopilla, La (Tocopilla) es
III - Atacama
Diario Atacama (Copiapó) Diario Chañarcillo (Chañaral)
IV - Coquimbo
  Día, El (La Serena)
V - Valparaíso
Contragolpe (Valparaiso) Diario Proa Regional (San Antonio) Estrella de Valparaíso, La (Valparaíso)  Expreso, El (Viña del Mar)  Gran Valparaíso (Viña del Mar) Líder de San Antonio, El (San Antonio) Mercurio de Valparaíso, El (Valparaíso)  Trabajo, El (San Felipe)  Zona Impacto (Quillota)
VI - O'Higgins
Florida Daily (Santiago)  Otra Verdad, La (Santiago)
VII - Maule
  Diario la Prensa (Curicó)  Maucho de Constitucion, El (Constitucion)
VIII - Biobío
  Crónica (Concepción)  Discusión, La (Chillán)  Sur, El (Concepción) Voz de Arauco, La (Cañete)
IX - Araucania
Diario Austral de Temuco, El (Temuco) Diario El Gong (Temuco)
X - Los Lagos
Datos Sur (Puerto Montt) Diario Austral de Osorno, El (Osorno)  Diario Austral de Valdivia, El (Valdivia)  Llanquihue de Puerto Montt, El (Puerto Montt) Provincia, La (Puerto Montt)   Ventilador, El (Puerto Montt)
XI - Aisén
Diario de Aysén, El (Coyhaique)
XII - Magallanes
Prensa Austral, La (Punta Arenas)
Chile Vive: una página abierta para las utopías
Pinochet, los generales traidores, la CIA y el Pentagono. Entrevista (El OJO)
Arnold's Webpage: grupo dedicado a la verdad y la justicia
M. O. Monckeberg/ P. Paulsen: La grabación del golpe
R. Rojas: El Pentágono, la CIA, Kissinger, y los generales de la junta chilena
F. Relea: Las víctimas del general traidor
37 cómplices del general traidor
A. Dorfman: Cartas de veras abierta al general Pinochet
Revista Punto Final: Operación Cóndor: La trama criminal
Revista Punto Final: Chilenos victimas de la Operación Cóndor
Homenaje a Salvador Allende, el companero presidente
2.700 crímenes de los generales traidores

6 diciembre 2004
La tortura, el crimen de lesa humanidad, no prescribe y sus responsables deben ser juzgados
(La Coordinadora de ex-presas y ex-presos políticos de Santiago publica el siguiente informe que contiene los nombres de muchos de los torturadores, sus cómplices, sus encubridores y sus colaboradores, lo cual forma una larga lista de criminales, todos ellos protegidos por el criminal número uno, quien, además, es ladrón. Nosotros reproducimos el documento, en solidaridad. Róbinson Rojas.)

Nosotros, los sobrevivientes, acusamos (1)
Nosotros, los sobrevivientes, acusamos (2)
I. Presentación - II. Introducción - III. Algunos Métodos de Tortura utilizados - IV. Datos a considerar
I. Los Autores - II. Los Colaboradores: Agentes Civiles - III. Los Colaboradores: La prensa - IV. Los Colaboradores: Poder Judicial y abogados - V. Los Colaboradores: Médicos - VI. Las Mujeres DINA-CNI - VII. Los Ejecutores 144
I. Los autores - II. Los agentes civiles - III. Los periodistas - IV. Los abogados - V. Los médicos - VI. Las mujeres DINA-CNI - VII. Los hombres de la Armada - VIII. Los hombres de Carabineros - IX. Los hombres de la DINA-CNI - X. Los hombres del Ejército - XI. Los hombres de la Fach - XII. Los hombres de Gendarmeria - XIII. Los hombres de Investigaciones - XIV. Sin Identificar - XV. Fuentes

Por un mañana con verdad, justicia y reparación integral

3 diciembre 2004
Publicamos un manual  secreto de las fuerzas armadas terroristas imperiales (US Armed Forces)

Operaciones de Contrinsurgencia
FMI 3-07.22
Distribution Restriction: Distribution authorized to the DOD and DOD contractors only to maintain operations security. This determination was made on 1 April 2004. Other requests for this document must be referred to Commander, US Army Combined Arms Center and Fort Leavenworth, ATTN: ATZL-CD (FMI 3-07.22), 1 Reynolds Avenue (Building 111), Fort Leavenworth, KS 66027-1352.
Destruction Notice: Destroy by any method that will prevent disclosure of contents or reconstruction of the document
El documento del ejército terrorista del imperio dice que "en los últimos cincuenta años"..."hemos ganado considerable experiencia en la lucha contra insurgentes en el sudeste asiático (Vietnam, Laos, Filipinas), América Latina (Colombia, Peru, El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua), Africa (Somalia), sudoccidente asiático (Afghanistan), y ahora en el Medio Oriente (Iraq)". En la portada se advierte que el documento debe ser destruído "por cualquier método" para evitar la divulgación de su contenido...Nota: FMI quiere decir Manual para Trabajo en Terreno - Provisional. El documento todavía no está en castellano, de modo que el lector accederá a su versión original en inglés. Tal vez alguien podría darnos una mano para su traducción. (Róbinson Rojas, 3 diciembre 2004)

Estadísticas oficiales:
Ministerio de Planificación y Cooperación, Chile, agosto 2004
Caracterización Socioeconómica Nacional CASEN 2003
Estudio sobre pobreza y distribución del ingreso 1990-2003
Banco Central de Chile:
Anuarios de Cuentas Nacionales
Documentos de Trabajo - Revista Economía Chilena - Serie Banca Central - Bibliografía Economía Chilena - Publicaciones - Legislación - Estudios e Investigación - Políticas del Banco - Información Financiera y Cambiaria - Comercio Exterior e Internacional - Economía General - Cuentas Nacionales - Otras publicaciones - Conferencias - Seminarios
Mirada en Perspectiva al Desempeño Económico de Chile en las últimas Dos Décadas
Presentación de Enrique Marshall, Consejero del Banco Central de Chile, en la conferencia "Mirada en perspectiva al desempeño económico de Chile en las últimas dos décadas". Universidad Católica del Maule. Talca, marzo 29, 2006.
Instituto Nacional de Estadisticas:
Estadísticas Demográficas y Vitales
Estadísticas Económicas
Estadisticas de Precios
Estadisticas de Precios -B
Estadísticas Sociales y Culturales
Estadísticas Agropecuarias
Estadísticas de Medio Ambiente
Calidad de Vida y Salud
Encuestas de Discapacidad
Encuestas de Seguridad Ciudadana
Encuestas de Trabajo Infantil
Encuestas de Presupuestos Familiares
Encuesta 2007 Percepción de Calidad de Vida Urbana
Encuesta Nacional PYMES
Primer Censo Nacional Pesquero y Acuicultor
Censos de Población y Vivienda
Estadísticas Laborales
Compendio Estadístico
Patentes Comerciales

Ingrese a la Base de Datos Multidimensional de Empleo (ENE)
INE: indicadores coyunturales -Agosto 1998

Banco Central de Chile - marzo 2006
Mirada en perspectiva al desempeño económico de Chile en las últimas dos décadas
E. Marshall

Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas - marzo 2006
Chile: Estadísticas de Distribución del Ingreso y Consumo y de la Seguridad Social - Oct.-Doc. 2001
E. Marshall

Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas - marzo 2006
Chile: Ingreso de Hogares y Personas - Encuesta Suplementaria de Ingresos - 2001
E. Marshall

Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas - marzo 2006
Chile: Ingreso de Hogares y Personas - Encuesta Suplementaria de Ingresos - 2002
E. Marshall

Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas - marzo 2006
Chile: Ingreso de Hogares y Personas - Encuesta Suplementaria de Ingresos - 2003
E. Marshall

Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas - marzo 2006
Chile: Anuario de Remuneraciones Medias y Costos Medios - 2004
E. Marshall

Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas - marzo 2006
Chile: Anuario de Remuneraciones Medias y Costos Medios - 2003
E. Marshall

Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas - marzo 2006
Chile: Anuario de Remuneraciones Medias y Costos Medios - 2002
E. Marshall

Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas - marzo 2006
Chile: Remuneraciones medias 1993-2001
E. Marshall

CEPAL - julio 2001
La pobreza en Chile en el año 2000
J C. Feres

CEPAL - marzo 2005
Chile: valor agregado bruto por sector de actividad. 1996-2004
Archivo Excel

Banco Central de Chile - marzo 2006
Chile: Indice nominal de remuneraciones, 1993-2006
Archivo Excel

Banco Central de Chile - marzo 2006
Chile: Indice general de remuneraciones y de costo de la mano de obra, 1993-2006
Archivo Excel

CEPAL - marzo 2005
Panorama social de América Latina 2004.
Presentación por J. L. Machinea

 Universidad de Chile: Centro de Economía Aplicada
Documentos de trabajo:
1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004
Comisión Nacional de Información Científica y Técnica
Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo
Chile Sustentable (Sustainable Chile)
Washington Post: Chile
CIA World Factbook 1997: Chile
The World Bank: Chile

Overview-Country Economic Assessments [BID/IADB]
Proposed Project Documents/Approved Project Documents [BID/IADB]
Statistics and Quantitative Analysis [BID/IADB]
Bolsa de Comercio de Santiago
Bolsa Electronica de Chile
Camara Nacional de Comercio de Chile
Chilean-American Chamber of Commerce
Chile Electronic Yellow Pages
Informacion de Comercio Internacional [Infotrade] 
Export Promotion Bureau of Chile [Prochile]
Trade Data [U.S.A.I.D.]
Chile Business Guide 1996/97
Chile Trade and Investment Guide 
Foreign Direct Investments 1974-1996
The Americas

Puro Chile la mémoire du peuple
Projet pour le Premier Siècle Populaire

Editeur: Róbinson Rojas

Le Monde Diplomatique (Edición Chile)
L'Amerique Latine a l'heure colombienne

Un Chili plus mal en point qu’il n’y paraît
Nira Reyes Morales, novembre 2002
Chili, 11 Septembre 1973
Le baril de poudre de l’imagination
Nira Reyes Morales, septembre 2003
Chili, 11 Septembre 1973
Soirs d’euphorie, matin de désespoir
Pierre Kalfon, septembre 2003
Chili, 11 septembre 1973
L’Unité populaire par ceux qui l’ont faite
Frank Gaudichaud, septembre 2003
Enjeux chiliens
Le dictateur fantôme  (dans les livres)
José Maldavsky, décembre 2003
Des tyrannosaures dans le paradis. La ruée des transnationales sur la Patagonie chilienne  (dans les livres)
Nira Reyes Morales, mai 2003
Chili, 11 Septembre 1973
Leçons d’une tragédie
Dominique Vidal, septembre 2003
Chili : Les routes de la mémoire  (dans les livres)
Nira Reyes Morales, mai 2002
Chili, 11 septembre 1973. La démocratie assassinée  (dans les livres)
Dominique Vidal, novembre 2003
Chili, 11 septembre 1973
Vingt terribles années
septembre 2003
Une expérience démocratique écrasée par l’armée
Le rêve brisé de Salvador Allende
Tomás Moulian, septembre 2003
Chili, 11 Septembre 1973
Des auteurs à découvrir  (dans les livres)
septembre 2003
La Locura de Pinochet  (dans les livres)
Nira Reyes Morales, octobre 2002
Censure, autocensure, ouverture
Nira Reyes Morales, novembre 2002
Santiago-Paris. Le vol de la mémoire  (dans les livres)
Michel Pinçon-Charlot et Monique Pinçon-Charlot, juillet 2002
Le cas Pinochet. Justice et politique.  (dans les livres)
Benjamin Fernandez, juin 2003
L’Affaire Pinochet. La justice impossible  (dans les livres)
Ixchel Delaporte, novembre 2002
Salvador Allende. L’autre 11 septembre  (dans les livres)
Michaël Lowy, janvier 2004